Some big towns and cities today have evolved over time to become what they are. Other large cities in different countries started off as small towns but due to various factors, they have gotten bigger over time. There are quite a number of issues that are considered by urban planners when they decide on the location of a town. Availability of natural resources that can sustain the livelihood of the people living in a certain town determines its growth rate.
Small towns were, for instance, developed as mining centres and were located close to areas where the mineral resources could be obtained. Factories were also developed to create employment for the people living within the towns. However, demand for more jobs in industries witnessed the expansion of small towns over time. Therefore, industrialisation resulted in more infrastructures appearing in towns – also sawing a rapid increase in the urban population. People migrated from rural areas as well as farming communities to towns in search of gainful employment that was characterised by steady wages. Other individuals also believed that urbanisation brought about improved living conditions compared to other smaller areas outside cities.
In some cases, other towns were constructed as administrative centres but they also expanded owing that expansion to the growing demand of various services that were offered but not available in rural as well as farming communities nearby. As a result, small towns developed into large cities that could cater for the needs of a large population. This development also brought about many changes on the behaviour of the people in large cities who treat life as fast even today. Many people also view life in urban centres as advanced compared to other areas that lack similar facilities found in cities. This kind of development can be traced to certain historical events that have resulted in big cities being formed.